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Schema Form

JSON Schema Form is a standard data structure to create declaratives complex forms. We added some extra parameters to be used in Prisme.ai platform.

Basic usage

A schema form start from a single field. This field can be of object type and this will be the better way to build a form :

type: 'object'
properties:
  firstname:
    type: string
  lastname:
    type: string

This simple structure will make a form with thwo fields and the final value will be an object with two properties : firstname and lastname :

Simple form

Define a field

The root object and all its children are made with the same structure:

  • type: Determines the type of the value and the rendered input. Can be:
    • string: Text value with a text input.
    • localized:string: Text value with translations in any languages.
    • number: Number value with a number input.
    • localized:number: Number value with different value for any language.
    • boolean: A switch button for a true/false value.
    • localized:boolean: Different boolean values for any languages.
    • object: An object. This type may comes other properties (see below).
    • array: An array. This type may comes other properties (see below).
  • title: Field label as a string.
  • descriptions: Text displayed in the (i) button as a tooltip. You can set a longer text here to help your user.
  • add: Optional label for add item button when your type is object or array.
  • remove: Optional label for remove item button when your type is object or array.

  • properties: Comes with the object type. Defines each properties the object may have. This object takes any property as the child field name and a new Schema Form as value.

  • additionalProperties: Comes with the object type. Let user adding any other property to the object. Value can be:
    • true: Any new property added to the object can have any value.
    • a new Schema Form: which describe the structure of the new property value.
  • items: Comes with the array type. Defines format for each items value. Value is a new Schema Form.
  • enum: Utility to restrict for a list of values. Takes an array of values. Display a select drop down.
  • enumNames: Optional list of labels displayed in place of enum values. Takes an array of strings in the same order of value it represents.
  • default: Optional default value.
  • hidden: Set to true if you want to hide the field.
  • pattern: A regular expression to validate the value choose by user.
  • oneOf: Let the user choose between any options and have different child fields. Takes an array of Schema Form. Display a select drop down with the title of each child. (See more)
  • ui:widget: You can set a different input with this attribute. Each type comes with some alternative inputs and you can pass a React component if you write your Schema Form as javascript.
    • string type:
      • textarea: Replaces the text input by a textarea for more space.
      • date: Display a date input with a calendar picker. The value will be a stringfyed date.
      • color: Display a color picker.
      • autocomplete: Dispkay a text input with autocompletion.
      • upload: Display a file picker. Set the choose file as data-URI format as field value. You'll probably need to upload your file and replace it with a URI before submitting the form.
    • localized string type:
      • textarea
    • any type:
      • A javascript React Component. Only for Blocks developers who want a custom field they made.
  • ui:options: Some options for field types and widgets:
    • type array:
      • array: Can take row value to display each item in row instead of column.
    • type object:
      • grid: array of array of array
    • oneOf option:
      • oneOf:
    • widget textarea:
      • textarea: any attribute of TextArea HTML Element.
    • widget upload:
      • upload: Object with property:
        • accept: string describing file types allowed to be picked by user in file picker. (see MDN)
    • type string;
      • autocomplete: Source of autocomplete values. Can be:
        • "events:emit": Retreive all events emitted by current workspace and all its installed apps
        • "events:listen": Retreive all events listened by current workspace and all its installed apps
    • or any other key/value to be used with your custom widgets.

Example

type: object
title: My Cool Form
description: This is an exemple of form
properties:
  firstName:
    type: string
    title: Firstname
  lastName:
    type: string
    title: Lastname
  birthdate:
    type: date
    title: Birthdate
  genre:
    type: string
    title: Genre
    enum:
      - 1
      - 2
      - 3
    enumNames:
      - Man
      - Woman
      - Other
  address:
    type: string
    ui:widget: textarea
  hobbies:
    type: object
    title: Your hobbies
    properties:
      favoriteMusic:
        type: array
        title: Favorite music
        items:
          type: string
          title: Type an artist name

oneOf

This helper display a select with a list of labels. It's more than enum and enumNames because the selected value can alter the structure of the schema. It is an array of schemas describing the properties to merge with the parent.

Example

type: object
properties:
  foo:
    type: string
oneOf:
  - properties:
      bar:
        type: string
  - properties:
      bar:
        type: number
      babar:
        type: string

Will display an input "foo", then a select with "Option 0" and "Option 1" labels. The first option will add a new field "bar" of string type. The second option will display a "bar" field of number type and a "babar" field of string type.

oneOf 1

The label can be set with the title property :

type: object
properties:
  foo:
    type: string
oneOf:
  - title: Just a string
    properties:
      bar:
        type: string
  - title: A string and a number
    properties:
      bar:
        type: number
      babar:
        type: string

oneOf 2

More, you can alter the current object field by setting only a oneOf property in one of your field property. This makes possible to place the select in a specific position :

type: object
properties:
  foo:
    type: string
  bar:
    oneOf:
      - title: As string
        value: string
        properties:
          value:
            type: string
            title: String value
      - title: As currency
        value: currency
        properties:
          value:
            type: number
            title: Number value
          currency:
            type: string
            title: Currency
            enum:
              - 
              - $
              - ¥

oneOf 3